There are thousands of facilities to treat a patient suffering from drug addiction like heroin addiction. Withdrawal program or treatment is one such integral aspect that can be used effectively to cure insensitive withdrawal symptoms during heroine treatment procedure. Amongst medications and behavioral therapies, detoxification is also considered to be a popular and the very first step to heroin withdrawal. However to obtain the best results one must consider the combination of medication and supportive services like counseling. Methadone, Buprenorphine, and Naltrexone are considered best medications to treat heroin withdrawal and prevent relapses.
Over 30 years in use, Methadone is referred to a synthetic opiate which binds with the receptors of heroine after administrating orally. It contributes to a slower onset of action leading to a process which allows a patient to reduce the usage of heroine for pleasure. According to reports, it is estimated that on reducing the methadone intake to 20 mg to 40 mg brings back a patient or previous tracks of heroin addiction. The most effective methadone maintenance programs include counseling and other medical, psychological and social services.
The most recently invented medicine for heroin addiction is Buprenorphine which is defined as a semi-synthetic drug that binds highly with the receptors that heroin binds with. Buprenorphine is taken orally, under the tongue or by transdermal patch which causes less physical dependence and less chance of overdose comparatively. It is convenient because individuals can be given a 30-day take home dose after starting treatment. However, not all patients respond to Buprenorphine. The third effective withdrawal treatment is Naltrexone which is approved for treating heroin and alcohol addiction. It blocks the effect of heroin as it fights for opiate receptors. However, the constant high dosage of the Naltrexone may harm the liver’s enzyme function. Additionally, heroin-block provided by Naltrexone is overridden with high narcotic dosages. It is less used as compared to methadone or Buprenorphine because of poor patient compliance.