Fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder are two of the alcohol-related disorders that can cause malformations in infants. These malformations include a short stature, facial defects, abnormal behavior and mental retardation. The embryo of Xenophus, an African frog actually plays a big role in this study of the development of the vertebrate. The Xenophus embryo becomes an ideal tool because it is large and it responds well to environmental stimuli. This is why this embryo became the primary tool in trying to discover the effects of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Consuming alcohol while pregnant actually inhibits the release of the retinoic acid. Retinoic acid is produced in the various portions of the embryo. Ideally, this acid is responsible for providing the cells with vital “information” regarding their placement and function on the developing infant. However, when a mother drinks alcohol, the alcohol takes away the molecules that are necessary for the production of the retinoic acid. Instead of making this acid with the molecules, the body uses them for its own detoxification. As a result, the embryonic cells become “confused” about their proper locations.
Not worth it
Some doctors will tell you that moderate drinking during pregnancy is harmless but it helps to remember that when you’re gulping down that glass of wine or that bottle of beer, your baby is too. Some can get away with it, and some don’t but is a drink or two really worth risking the well-being of your baby? For those who are still convinced that a drink will not harm an unborn child, try to imagine what your baby could be facing once he or she is born. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or FAS is characterized by deformed ribs, dislocated hips, a small head and body size, short attention span, poor motor skills, heart defects with great propensity for heart diseases, severe mental retardation and many more.
The worst thing about this condition is that it is incurable. Once your child is diagnosed with this condition, he or she will have to live with it for the rest of their lives. And this condition will also affect those who are around him.
If you are planning to have a baby but you are still not over your booze-and-drugs lifestyle then this information should be enough of a drug addiction treatment for you. If you need professional help in overcoming your addiction, please check in at a reputable rehab center like Miramar.