An opiate is normally a drug which is synthesized and processed from opium poppy plant. The main forms of the opiate drugs are morphine, codeine and heroine along with thebaine and papaverine. Synthetic opiates, on the other hand include Demerol and Methadone. Irrespective of the type of the opiate, these are mainly used for managing pain and sufferings. The drugs are very effective in reducing pain and mitigating the anxiety level while taken in recommended quantities that form a physician or medico. Increased or over consumption can inflict a feeling of euphoria or hallucinations. The opiates are popularly used as recreational drugs. Overdosing in any form results in fatal effects such as respiratory and nervous system breakdown and even death in most of the cases. Normally, the opiate addict is to be best treated in one of the drug treatment center
The opiate drugs are taken by injection, smoking, snorting or swallowing. Here, injecting into veins is the most common and preferred form of taking drugs since it reaches body quickly. The drug addicts owing to opiates are generally detached emotionally and this leads them to seek for solace through the use of the drugs. Neglect from the closer ones and abuses of being no worth from the society takes them to close and influential confines of drug addiction. The primary symptoms occurred as a result of the overdose of opiates include loss in appetite, concentration and mental ability, irregular rate of perspiration, respiratory problems such as shallow breathing problem, pupil dilation, intestinal spasms, low blood pressure and constipation. The severity of the effect of the drugs increases as the consumption quantity rises. There are various drug rehab program which are effective in mitigating the problems that resulted due to over consumption of the drugs.
The role of psychiatrist in opiate addiction treatment is very vital. The psychiatrists are involved in delivering the best detoxification treatment to the patients. The treatment generally covers all the aspects, behavioral, physical and psychological to end the influence of opiates from the human body. These drug rehab programs are designed well to accommodate the counseling sessions and therapies. The problem of drug addiction is properly evaluated by collecting the information as of what led the patient to use such drugs, the time since one is consuming such drugs, the present condition of the patient and one’s experiences while in the habit of drug intake are notably important for the medicos to advance the treatment accordingly. The therapies generally involve the application of drugs such as Subutex and Suboxone for producing good results while the healing process is on.
The rapid detoxification therapies help in the quick wellness of the patient. The programs involve a well regulated use of medicinal applications to overcome the effects of the opiates. In one such method, the patient is given anesthesia and with the help of opiate receptors, the traces of the opiates are tracked out and subsequently extruded from the body. This lessens the quantity of the opiates considerably inside the body and the condition of the patient becomes good. However, this method only saves the patient from withdrawal effects that are physical in nature. Along with this, proper counseling and monitoring is needed for psychological concerns and here the role of a psychiatrist and drug treatment method becomes crucial.
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